Written by Dr. Shyam Sundar Gupta, PhD, Medically Reviewed by Dr. Ajay Kumar Tiwari, MD (Ay.)
Hypertension (High B.P.) is the state of raising blood pressure above the normal limits which can cause end organ like kidney, eye, and heart etc. damage. Raised blood pressure causes cardiomyopathy brain hemorrhage, retinal hemorrhage, hemiplegic, and aneurism etc.
Normal diastolic blood pressure- 60-90 mm of Hg
Normal systolic blood pressure- 100-140 mm of Hg
Signs and Symptoms
Headache, nausea, vertigo, vomiting, breathlessness, discomfort, feeling of tiredness, chest pain, nasal bleeding etc.
Good habits to reduce Hypertension
- Low or adequate intake of salt
- Regularly walk and exercise
- Less or no alcohol intake
- Reduce stress factor
- Losing weight
- Quit smoking
- Less fat rich diet intake
- Daily yoga practice
Jatamansi roots regulate the functioning of the heart and its rate. It has amazing work in reducing blood pressure and treat hypertension (1). It can be taken by boiling and filtering it.
Ashwagandha has several properties like having anti-inflammatory effects, anti-tumor effects, nootropism and immune-modulatory properties, as well as exerting an influence on the endocrine, nervous and cardiopulmonary systems of the body. Supplementation of Ashwagandha with milk is effective in the treatment of stress induced hypertension, so it provides a natural alternative and has lesser side- effects (2).
Low doses use of the Rauwolfia-serpentia (LDR) is suitable for patients with hypertension because this plant have some side effects. The plant provides clinicians with a safe and effective adjunct to pharmaceuticals in the treatment of high blood pressure (3).
Note: The powder of Jatamansi (2 gm), Aswagandha (3 gm) and Sarpgandha (250 mg) for 3 months can be taken in hypertension.
Ginger improves blood circulation activity and relaxes muscles neighboring blood vessels. Blood pressure-lowering activity of ginger is mediated through blockade of voltage-dependent calcium channels (4).
Garlic (Allium sativum) has played an important dietary as well as a medicinal role in human history. Blood pressure reducing properties of garlic has been linked to its hydrogen sulphide production and Ellison content – liberated from alien and the enzyme alliinase – which has angiotensin II inhibiting and vasodilating effects, as shown in animal and human cell studies (5). Garlic clove can be taken in doses of 0.6 to 1.2 g/day in meal or alone to lower blood pressure.
Thyme seeds: — Thyme seeds contain thymol, a calcium channel blocker, and it plays a crucial role in heart rate and reducing blood pressure (6). It can be taken at doses of 5 to7 g/day by boiling and filtering it to lower blood pressure.